Name Of The Book: India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium
Name Of Author: A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Y.S. Rajan
Book Pages: 174 pages
In the event that the nineteenth century had a place with Europe, the twentieth century to the USA, then the twenty-first century will have a place with the Indians. This is the dream translated to a huge number of Indians through the pens of two prominent researchers of India Dr. Kalam and Dr. Y.S. Rajan.
India 2020 Chapter 1: Presentation:
“Sight is about what lies directly before us. Vision is what lies ahead”. India is an old civilization and an amazingly unpredictable society. Her radiant past, natural beauty, assets, vast size and above all her one of a kind geographical location has always given her the pride of place on the planet. With the high points and low points of history, it has retained its vibrancy. However, because of inhumanity and lethargy on our part and because of the negative slant of the media here, we as a nation have not possessed the capacity to attain the status of a created nation up until this point.
In his famous discourse conveyed in Hyderabad, Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam diagrams his three visions for his motherland India and pleads for Indians to be engaged with the nation-building process and to make India a created nation.
For what reason do we require a vision? Kalam answers this inquiry by referring to the examples of nations like USA, Malaysia, Israel and China and calls attention to that they are what they are today because they had a vision and they strived towards it.
India 2020 Chapter 2: The Principal Vision: Opportunity
In 3000 years of our history, individuals from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands and vanquished our psyches. However, we have not vanquished anyone. Because, we regard the opportunity of others, and that is the reason for his first vision of Opportunity. India got its first vision of this in the Indian Insubordination in the year 1857, when we started the war of Autonomy. It is this opportunity that we should ensure and sustain and expand on.
India 2020 Chapter 3: The Second Vision: Improvement
We have been a creating nation for over fifty years, and so it is time we consider ourselves to be a created nation. Regarding Gross domestic product, we are among the main five nations of the world. Our neediness levels are falling. Our achievements are by and large globally perceived today. However, we lack the self-assurance to consider ourselves to be a created nation.
He envisions an India where the national economy of the nation is one of the largest on the planet; there is upliftment in the general expectations for everyday comforts of the normal man well above the destitution line including elevated requirements of education, health and above all, national security. According to Kalam, there are four boss areas of improvement: the general population, economy, strategic quality and infrastructure and to achieve all this, innovation is the answer.
The job of innovation won’t just be to give sophisticated machinery and yet additionally to give materials of basic utility value to the regular man at an affordable cost. Innovation ought to deliver merchandise as well as investigate ways to re-use side-effects to limit wastage and environmental contamination. In this way, innovation ought not exclusively to be for the classes however for the masses.
Kalam protects his theory of exploitation of innovation by saying, In the event that you don’t have the innovation, your natural assets is of no value to you. He compares Japan with Africa and shows how Japan has advanced in spite of a dearth of natural assets through technological creativity alone whereas a lavishly resourced landmass like Africa has been unable to do as such because of lack of fundamental innovation. Although innovation is the way to realize our vision, the craving to reach the goal ought to encompass all segments of society if the vision has to be transformed into reality.
India 2020 Chapter 4: Third Vision: India must stand up to the World
Except if India stands up to the world, nobody will regard us. Just quality regards quality. We should be solid as a military power as well as a financial power. Both must go hand-in-hand.
India 2020 Chapter 5: The Media’s Fixation on Bad News, Failures and Disasters:
Dr.Kalam thinks about how the media in India could be so negative. Giving the example of Dr.Sudarshan, who has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit, Dr.Kalam says that there are a large number of such achievements in India, however, our media is just fixated on just the bad news and failures and disasters.
In Tel Aviv, where violent killings, deaths, and bombardments take place once in a while, the first page of the newspaper had the image of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchid and a granary. It was this motivating picture that everybody woke up to.
India 2020 Chapter 6: The Nation’s Fixation on Foreign Things:
Dr.Kalam is shocked at the general population’s fixation on foreign things. We want foreign televisions, foreign Shirts, foreign innovation. There is a fixation on everything that is foreign. According to Dr.Kalam, dignity comes just with confidence. Their conformity in Foreign Nations yet Detached in Motherland. In India, we the general population blame the legislature for being wasteful, the laws for being excessively old, the municipality for not grabbing the garbage and so forth. Be that as it may, what do we do about it? In Singapore, you don’t toss cigarette butts on the roads. You wouldn’t dare to speed past 55 mph in Washington and educate the traffic cop concerning your heavy associations with governmental issues. You wouldn’t spit paan in the city of Tokyo. At the point when the same Indian can regard and conform to a foreign framework in other nations, he cannot do that all alone. You will toss papers and cigarettes on the road the minute you contact Indian ground. In the event that you can be an included and appreciative subject in an alien nation, for what reason can’t you be the same here in India?
India 2020 Chapter 7: The Easy Way Out: Blame it on the Framework:
We sit back wanting the legislature to do everything for us, while our commitment is totally negative. We anticipate that the legislature will clean up yet we are not going to quit hurling garbage all over the place, nor are we going to stop to get a stray bit of paper and toss it in the receptacle. We anticipate that the railways will give clean bathrooms yet we are not going to learn the best possible utilization of bathrooms. With regards to social issues like ladies, endowment, young lady tyke and so forth., we make uproarious protestations and do the turn around at home.
And for all these negatives on our part, we blame it on the framework. The entire framework has to change, we appear to legitimize. For us, the framework comprises of every other person with the exception of you and me. With regards to making a positive commitment to the framework, we bolt ourselves along with our families into a safe cover and wait for a Mr.Clean to go along and work miracles for us, or we leave the nation and flee.
Like lazy cowards nagged by our fears, we raced to America to bask in their magnificence and praise their framework. At the point when New York ends up shaky, we raced to England. At the point when England encounters joblessness, we take the following trip out to the Bay. At the point when the Bay is war struck, we demand to be saved and brought home by the Indian government itself. Everyone is out to abuse and rape the nation. No one considers nourishing the framework because our heart is mortgaged to cash.
India 2020 Chapter 8:
Kalam demands that Vision 2020 is certainly achievable and corroborates this further by giving several examples from past triumphs e.g., the Green Upset, the advancement of space innovation which started from scratch to the present-day situation of our own special satellite-based communication framework.
Dr. Kalam weights on two important facts to achieve this vision – Sensitization to issues and a will to achieve. To have the capacity to achieve this vision, one should transcend one’s daily schedule, mundane issues and attempt and achieve something past the ordinary: at the same time taking care of the feasibility of the venture. This means that although at the season of articulation of vision, the goal may perhaps appear to be improbable yet at no time of time should it appear to be inconceivable.
Kalam has systematically sketched out the issues, recorded the present arrangements that are being offered, recognized their benefits and negative marks and then, finally proposes not one but rather a progression of arrangements with the goal that the most feasible one amongst them can be adopted. For example, in the healthcare segment, he has categorized the present-day diseases as well as envisioned future diseases and scatters. Lack of cash and basic facilities for poor people as being the main bases for many diseases. He calls attention to how innovation can go to the fore by mapping out mosquito-rearing areas (to eradicate malaria) by utilizing remote detecting satellite or the utilization of protection lasers to treat glaucoma and cataract in the eye. This does not mean that Kalam ignores our natural assets or heritage. He emphasizes the need to tap indigenous assets, our rich heritage of natural herbs as well as tribal frameworks of medication. He even wants to reach out to other civilizations and adopt what is relevant from them, e.g. the Chinese acupuncture strategy.
Kalam explains that advancements in science and innovation have to reach all parts of society, at exactly that point can India be really labeled as a created nation. He portrays this developmental procedure as one of every a continuum. We ought not to lay on the laurels of our past achievements yet should attempt and enhance ourselves towards ever more elevated standards. Along these lines, the procedure of advancement ought to transcend all generations.
The foundation for this ought to be laid at the grass-root level. Kalam demonstrates faith in the youthful generation by calling them the touched off brains to whom the dream to realize the vision ought to be endowed.
We cannot however wholeheartedly agree with the author that to achieve our Vision 2020, we should settle our superficial contrasts and think and act like Indians. It’s not possible for anyone to take us there yet ourselves.